Stories that objectify female sports stars often run under the guise of female empowerment. But branding some sports as ‘sexy’ means women’s talent is overlooked.
Last week a story about surfer Sophie Hellyer challenging the sexist nature of her sport was published across several newspapers. The headlines read that Hellyer was fed up with the overt sexualisation of female surfers, and since ditching a bikini for a wetsuit was no longer getting the same media coverage. Hellyer had been contacted following the new World Surf League rule that prohibits photographers from gratuitously zooming in on women’s bottoms.
On the surface of it, the story read as a backlash against the ubiquitous sexualisation of women in sport – albeit illustrated with full-colour photos of Hellyer emerging from the waves in a bikini. But within hours Hellyer claimed that her words – largely taken from a blogpost she had written the previous year – had been manipulated to suit an agenda, and that the reports were littered with inaccuracies; she says she hasn’t stopped wearing bikinis to surf in either. It is a classic example of media coverage operating under the guise of female empowerment, while ultimately objectifying and denigrating. Meanwhile, sportswomen miss out once again when it comes to recognition of their sporting talent.
It is precisely this approach that landed Sports Illustrated in hot water last month when it adapted its notorious swimsuit issue – which mostly uses swimsuit models as opposed to actual sportswomen – in an attempt at championing the #MeToo movement. In the issue, which was widely panned in the US media, black and white photos of naked women – including Olympic champion gymnast Aly Raisman, who spoke so powerfully in testifying against team doctor Larry Nassar in the child sex abuse case – appeared with words such as “nurturer” and “truth” painted on their skin.
When you consider that less than 2% of all sports coverage in British newspapers is women’s sport (and just 10% on TV), you begin to understand the root of these frustrations.
Britain’s top female racing driver, Alice Powell, points to the recent story of Formula One getting rid of its grid girls, which provided many more column inches (and gratuitous photographs) than any actual coverage of women racing. Powell herself is supportive of grid girls, particularly in the Touring Cars division where many are also drivers and fans of the sport and – unlike Formula One – have a season-long role in the team.
“I’m not bothered who stands in front of my car,” she says. “I’m just focusing on the race.” Powell underlines that motorsport, for all its inequality, is also in the rare position of allowing men and women to compete against each other.
Some sports seem to be more prone to sexualisation than others. In tennis, last year’s Next Gen ATP finals draw was slammed by Judy Murray and Amélie Mauresmo when models simulated a striptease on a catwalk, and grand slam upskirt shots and cringeworthy post-match interview requests proliferate – such as when Canadian player Eugenie Bouchard was asked to “give us a twirl”. Meanwhile, badminton star Gail Emms has previously spoken out about the pressure from sponsors to look sexy.
It’s not only the sportswomen who face challenges, of course. Sports presenter Helen Skelton recently revealed that she was groped live on air.
Other sports, such as rugby, are affected in other ways by this sexualisation: “It’s frustrating that there are only two categories for women’s sport: you’re either a sexy sport, or not a sexy sport,” says former England rugby captain Catherine Spencer. “It’s very black and white. If it’s not a sexy sport you don’t necessarily get the media coverage. And if it is a sexy sport you possibly get the wrong media coverage. You’re damned if you do and damned if you don’t,” she says.
I appreciate there not being a paywall: it is more democratic for the media to be available for all and not a commodity to be purchased by a few. I’m happy to make a contribution so others with less means still have access to information.Thomasine, Sweden
Article courtesy to The Guardian
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